α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors promote ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release in PC12 cells
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are ligand-gated channels that can elicit changes in intracellular Ca2+ (Dajas-Bailador et al., 2002). In this study the sources of Ca2+ that give rise to α7 nAChR- and non-α7 nAChR-mediated increases in Ca2+ have been examined in PC12 cells.
PC12 cells were cultured in 96 well plates, pre-loaded with Fluo3 AM and stimulated with drugs in the presence or absence of blocking agents. Changes in fluorescence were measured (F538) for 20 s. Nicotine (100 μM) produced a rapid increase in fluorescence, which was decreased by 19.8 ± 2.2 % in the presence of the α7 nAChR antagonist α-bungarotoxin (αbgt 100 nM, n = 4). However, application of the selective α7 nAChR agonist compound A ((R)-N-(1-Azabicyclo2.2.2oct-3-yl)(5-(2-pyridyl)thiophene-2-carboxamide)), 0.1 nM – 10 μM, failed to elicit a response. Pre-incubation for 2 min with the α7 nAChR-selective positive allosteric modulator PNU 120595 (10 μM; Hurst et al., 2005) resulted in rapid increases in fluorescence upon application of compound A (10 nM). PNU 120596 did not increase fluorescence when added alone, nor did it significantly enhance responses evoked by KCl (60 mM, 97.4 ± 4.7 % control) or the non-α7 nAChR agonist 5-iodo-A-85380 (30 μM, 103.1 ± 21.7 % control) (P > 0.05; one-way ANOVA with post-hoc Dunnett’s test, n = 5).
Compound A in the presence of PNU 120596 evoked increases in fluorescence that were equally sensitive to αbgt (100 nM) and the non-selective nAChR antagonist mecamylamine (mec, 20 μM); 86.0 ± 1.4 % and 78.5 ± 7.0 % decrease, respectively (n = 5, P < 0.01; one-way ANOVA, post-hoc Dunnett’s test), consistent with stimulation of α7 nAChR. 5-iodo-A-85380-evoked increases were insensitive to αbgt, but significantly decreased by 78.2 ± 5.1% in the presence of mec (n = 5, P < 0.01; one-way ANOVA, post-hoc Dunnett’s test).
α7 nAChR-mediated increases in fluorescence were unaltered in the presence of 50 μM Cd2+ or specific voltage operated Ca2+ channel (VOCC) inhibitors ω-conotoxin GVIA (1 μM; N-type), ω-conotoxin MVIIC (1 μM; N-,P-, Q-type) or verapamil (10 μM; L-type). In comparison non-α7 nAChR-mediated increases in fluorescence were insensitive to N-, P- and Q-type specific VOCC inhibitors but were significantly decreased in the presence of 50 μM Cd2+ (70.8 ± 12.7 % decrease, n=4, P < 0.01, one-way ANOVA with post-hoc Dunnett’s test) and 10 μM verampamil (78.6 ± 6.0 % decrease, n = 5; P < 0.01, one-way ANOVA with post-hoc Dunnett’s test). α7 nAChR-mediated increases in fluorescence were significantly decreased in the presence of ryanodine (30 μM, 66.6 ± 7.6 % decrease, n = 4, P < 0.01, one-way ANOVA with post-hoc Dunnett’s test), which did not significantly alter non-α7 nAChR-mediated responses (16.8 ± 6.2 % decrease). These data suggest that activation of α7 nAChRs results in Ca2+ entry through its intrinsic ion channel that subsequently elicits Ca2+ induced Ca2+ release. This mechanism is distinct from that of non-α7 nAChR.
F. Dajas-Bailador et al., (2002) J. Neurochem 81:606-614;
Supported by BBSRC CASE studentship with GlaxoSmithKline and BBSRC grant BBS/B/15600